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  • Rebecca Lerner

Like the bleakness of the situation really be hitting sometimes

NOTE: Please sign this petition to demand the officers who murdered Breonna Taylor HERE and this petition to end long-term, indefinite detention of immigrant children HERE. If you're looking for places to donate, HERE is a link for the Atlanta Solitary Fund and HERE is a link for the Homeless Black Trans Woman Fund.


Some loosely related facts about cops and pigs:


Etymology

  • The first recorded history of cops being called "pigs" in English was in 1811.

  • The pigs frisked my panney, and nailed my screws; the officers searched my house, and seized my picklock keys. ["Dictionary of Buckish Slang, University Wit and Pickpocket Eloquence," London, 1811]

Formation of British Police

  • London's Metropolitan Police Service was established in the 1820's and is regarded as the first modern and professional police force in the world. The philosophy behind their force was for the maintenance of social order, the protection of the people and to act as a visible deterrent to crime and disorder. The public was nervous about deploying the military in domestic matters so to appear more neutral than the red of the military uniforms, the police uniform was blue.

  • To ensure that the police didn't seem like a repressive force, they publicized these basic guidelines for ethical policing:

  1. Every police officer should be issued a warrant card with a unique identification number to assure accountability for his actions.

  2. Whether the police are effective is not measured on the number of arrests but on the deterrence of crime.

  3. Above all else, an effective authority figure knows trust and accountability are paramount. Hence, Peel's most often quoted principle that "The police are the public and the public are the police."


Police in the colonies/United States

  • Upon the British colonization of North America, sheriffs and local militia were elected. Then the North created "night watches" and South established "slave patrols" — both were groups of armed white men that violently and punitively controlled the bodies of the marginalized people, like Black slaves and their children and Indigenous people.


13th Amendment and Prison Labor

  • The exception clause of the 13th Amendment still allows slavery (or involuntary servitude) where convicted of a crime — and "black codes" began in the South. After the Civil War, it's up to the discretion of the police to arrest people for attitudinal offenses, like "not showing respect" or "malicious mischief." Prisoners worked for white planters who made money off of them while prisoners worked for without pay.

  • Today, states and private companies like Victoria's Secret, Whole Foods and Starbucks still rely on the free or extremely low-paid labor of prisoners.


The 1960s and Investigations into Police Brutality and Efficiency

  • The term "pig" for police officers regained traction during the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s, when police officers across the country responded to protestors with physical brutality.

  • In response to the outpouring of hostility against the police, a series of presidential commissions were ordered to investigate these issues.

  • The Kerner Commission investigated nearly 200 incidents that had taken place in 1967. The report stated that there was deep hostility and distrust between Black people and other minorities and the police. The report recommended that police practices be changed significantly and encourage the hiring of more minority officers. The Kerner Commission found the departments with the most "professional" reputation had the most serious disturbances and civil unrest.

  • The Kansas City Preventive Patrol Experiment showed that increasing the level of preventive patrol within an area did not have a significant influence on the level of crime or reduce citizens' fear of crime. Another study showed that team policing (a tactic that involved the creation of specialized teams responsible for a particular geographic area) didn't influence the level of crime.

  • These studies collectively suggest that current police practices were not and are not effective in curtailing crime or keeping people safe.

Psychology of Pigs (animals)

  • Pigs have empathy and emotional intelligence.

  • They have distinct personalities and can connect emotionally with ease.

  • Studies show that pigs exhibit complex emotions and can show optimism and pessimism depending on their circumstances.

  • Pigs can and likely do kill humans, but fewer than the 22 a year that cattle kill. There is no reliable data on this behavior.

Police Shootings

  • 1,033 people have been shot and killed by the police in the last year as of June 14th, 2020.

Source: Washington Post

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